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 Post subject: Trino Deo et símplici
PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 4:24 pm 
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Adept
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In Eterna Christi munera, a hymn to Sta. Sunniva, the Patron Saint of Western Norway, the last verse is, as is normal, a glorification of the triune God. But one thing struck me the other day. In the Norwegian translation (found below the Latin, Gregorian(?) sheet music in the link) the first sentence is translated "du trefaldige og eine Gud," which in English would roughly be "you triune and one God" (which sounds better in Norwegian than in English).

The latin, however, seems to say more, not merely that God is triune and one, but triune and simple: "Trino Deo et símplici."

Am I just reading this wrong (etymology can be dangerous), or is this a statement that God is not merely one, but simple? Is this a straight forward expression of the doctrine of divine simplicity (which would be taught at the time, in the 12th or 13th century)?

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 Post subject: Re: Trino Deo et símplici
PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 5:12 pm 
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My pocket Latin-French dictionary shows that the Latin word "simplex" may have four definitions:

1. qui n'a qu'un pli, d'où ; simple ; non mélangé
2. seul, un ; isolé
3. naturel, non artificiel
4. mor., simple, droit ; ingénu, naïf

Here, simplex can be "one" according to the second definition.

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 Post subject: Re: Trino Deo et símplici
PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 5:42 pm 
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I would take it as referring to the unity of God under the aspect of His simplicity.

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 Post subject: Re: Trino Deo et símplici
PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 6:55 pm 
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This phrase is used in another hymn "Adesto, Sancta Trinitas" on Trinity Sunday:

http://books.google.com/books?id=ZjouAA ... ci&f=false

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